• Portrait of Cardinal Richelieu (copy?)

    Artist:
    Champaigne, Philippe de (copy?). 1602-1674
    Technique:
    oil
    Dimensions:
    61х45 cm

Champaigne, Philippe de (copy?). 1602-1674

Portrait of Cardinal Richelieu (copy?)

France,

Title:

Portrait of Cardinal Richelieu (copy?)

Place:

Material:

Technique:

oil

Dimensions:

61х45 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1922; handed over from the Counts Stroganov collection

Inventory Number:

ГЭ-4100

Comment:

Armand-Jean du Plessis Duc de Richelieu (1585–1642), who became a cardinal in 1622, was the virtual ruler of France under Louis XIII. The Hermitage portrait is a variant or a copy of the profile (left) image from the triple portrait which is currently displayed in the National Gallery in London. Unlike the London painting here the cardinal’s robe has the Order of Holy Spirit, and is decorated with tassels and the collar buttons In the posthumous inventory of Philippe de Champaigne’s property, reference is made to the portrait of Richelieu in profile executed by the artist. In the 17th century a similar portrait was kept in the Everhard Jabach collection in Paris. It is supposed that at present this canvas is displayed in the Fine Arts Museum in Strasbourg. However, the portrait has other versions including the Hermitage one. Therefore, it does not yet seem possible to establish where Philippe de Champaigne’s original is. According to A. Ryzhkevich [1963], in early July 1797, King Stanisław August saw the portrait of Cardinal de Richelieu in the A.S.Stroganov collection in St.Petersburg. The King liked the picture and so it was given to him as a gift. In V.M.Belkovskaya’s opinion, [2012], Richelieu’s portrait from the Stanislaw August collection was sold after the King’s death to А. S. Stroganov who reclaimed the previously owned painting. Comments by Natalia Serebryannaya

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